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History of Lisbon, Portugal-Peyton

Lisbon is the capital of Portugal, located right on the Atlantic Ocean. It is in a strategic position, bordering the Tagus (longest river in the Iberian Peninsula). Lisbon has easy access to Africa, the Americas , and the rest of Europe and for many years, Lisbon was used for a trading port for many different countries.

Lisbon is one of the oldest cities in Europe, dating back to the Neolithic period. Its first settlers were the Pre-Celtic people. Some of their stone monuments are still in this city to this day.

In 714, Islamic Moors took over Lisbon. Portugal used to be owned by these Mores, and it was named Emirate of Córdoba.

The Ponte 25 De Abril Suspension Bridge in Lisbon looks exactly like the Golden Gate bridge in San Francisco. It is red and has lots of aircraft cable holding it up. It was built in 1962. It was built so that cars and people could travel over the water (you probably already knew that but my mom wanted me to write why it was built).

There are many castles, churches and museums in Lisbon, but these are the ones that stuck out to me: The chapel of St. John the Baptist is the most expensive chapel in the world. It was built in 1750. The chapel took about 130 men to build. It contains some of the best art in the world.

Also the Belem Tower is in Lisbon. In the 1500’s, King John II built a defense mechanism for the Tagus river. The Belem tower is on the south side of the river and protected Lisbon from intruders invading from the Tagus.

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